Washington DC rally - May 18th 2001

Joint Rally by North American Sindhi Organizations demanded UN intervention to assure and monitor water distribution in Pakistan.

Indus Water Rights Action - an environmental rights advocacy group formed by Sindhi Association of North America (SANA), World Sindhi Congress (WSC), The World Sindhi Institute (WSI) organized a demonstration in front of the Pakistan Embassy in Washington DC on May 18th, 2001 to protest over the Pakistani Government's unfair distribution of Indus water. Hundreds of social, political, environmental, and human rights activists from different parts of North America and Sindhis and Balochs around the world came to attend this historic rally. The rally was organized to protest the Pakistani Government's unfair policies for distribution of Indus water among the four supposedly autonomous provincial units of present-day Pakistan. These unfair policies exercised throughout the history of Pakistan have rendered Sindh, Balochistan and parts of Lower Punjab virtually deserted. Many towns and villages in Sindh severely lack drinking water sources bringing a heavy toll on millions of people involved in agriculture industry. If these conditions persist, a severe drought is likely to hit many areas in Sindh and Balochistan. This will trigger a mass exodus from inner Sindh to the cities of Pakistan. The Joint rally of Sindhi organizations held that the current tragedy is a logical outcome of an on-going piracy of Indus River in Pakistan. This act of aggression by the upper riparian of Punjab has deprived the lower riparian of Sindh of their due share in the water and has promoted environmental degradation in all four provinces of Pakistan. It is obvious that the Pakistani Government is quick to use current crisis to justify building yet another dam on River Indus at Kalabagh (or another site) in spite of unanimous opposition by the three affected provinces and parts of Punjab province. The speakers maintained that the fifty-four years of bad governments in Pakistan, hundreds of broken promises, frequent military takeovers, misplaced priorities in public policy, violation of many covenants and accords, and a total disregard for the individual and collective human rights, Sindhis are less likely to trust any assurances without proper process of mitigation. They demanded that the water distribution issue in Pakistan should be settled according to the Sindh-Punjab Agreement of 1945. It was also demanded that the special United Nations commission should be entrusted to monitor daily water distribution between Sindh and Punjab provinces. This rally was the best display of the grass root mobilization of Sindhi community in North America, as well as the unity of oppressed nations of Pakistan. Several Baloch, and Seraiki activists along with their families participated in this rally. IWRA representatives, Mr. Iqbal Tareen of SANA, Dr. Safdar Sarki of WSC, and Mr. Sohail Ansari of WSI presented a Memorandum of Demands to Pakistan Embassy at the end of the protest. Prominent amongst those who addressed the rally included, Mr. Khalid Hashmani, Keerat Babani of Sindhi Sabha, Sohail Ansari of WSI, Saghir Shaikh of WSC, Iqbal Tareen from SANA, Dr. Tara Chand, former minister Baluchistan Government, Wahid Baluch, former Speaker Baluchistan Assembly, Syed Ghulam Shah of JSM, Munawar Laghari of WSI and Hasan Mujtaba, who recited an inspirational Sindhi poetry eulogizing Indus Water crisis.

Sana/WSI/WSC joint rally Washington DC - June 24th 2003


Sana/WSI/WSC joint rally Washington DC - June 24th 2003

Cries against greater Thal Canal follow Musharraf’s visit to USA
Report By:  Khalid Hashmani

June 24, 2003: The cries of Sindhis followed General Musharraf as he reached Washington DC. This morning three leading Sindhi organizations in North America held an impressive press conference against the Greater Thal canal and called forrestoration of political, human, and economic rights of Sindhis. The three Sindhi organizations that joined hands for this important event were Sindhi Association of North America (SANA), World Sindhi Congress (WSC) and World Sindhi Institute (WSI).

A. Press conference at National Press Center (NPC)
The National Press Center, is a venue of many important international conferences held in Washington DC.  Today it had an unusually large number of people with South Asian features. The visitors who arrived this morning at NPC, appeared to be quite intrigued with some folks wearing Sindhi topis and shalwar Kamiz> This was a scene quite uncommon in the history of NPC. The press conference hall was full with many standing at the back and outside in the hall area.

Mr. ZAHID MAKHDOOM from WSI, introduced the three representatives of each organization and Dr. Irye Gorfeke, who is President off the “Doctors Against Torture". Mr. Makhdoom began his briefing about on what Sindh and Sindhis were facing at the hands of non-representative and dictatorial regime in Pakistan. In particular, he elaborated on the dreadful project called the Greater Thal Canal (GTC) and what it is going do to Sindh. He urged the USA Government and American people to bring about pressure on Musharraf to stop Thal canal  and divert excessive amount of resources (that are currently being spent on the military and to sustain the nuclear program) to education, health and welfare of the people of Pakistan. He added that the General and his military should return to their barracks. He characterized the present regime as running a country where there is no law and the fairness is in the short supply. A regime that has created an abundance of poverty and exploitation. While talking about the water rights of lower riparian area in Sindh, he mentioned an incident from his visit to a mountainous region in Indonesia. This is an area where agriculture land is organized in multiple upper and lower tracks. He asked a farmer, "how do you distribute your water?". He was told that the rights of the family that owns the lowest track hold the most weight and that determines how much water is distributed. But, in Pakistan, the upper riparian interests (because they control the military power) make all decisions. Concerning water distribution. He added that diversion of water amounts to a crime against humanity because the welfare of the whole province was being scarified because of the benefit to a few hundred mostly military officers, who hold lands in the GTC area. He appealed to the media to publicize the plight of Sindh and Sindhis.

DR. INYE GORFEKE from “Doctors Against Torture” organization– In 1989, she visited Pakistan ito investigate the cases of official torture in Pakistan. She said the security forces in Pakistan and other such countries predominantly torture two groups of people. The first group generally consists of people who struggle for democratic, economic and cultural rights and the other group is that of criminals, who are subjected to torture to extract confessions. While talking about her organization, she said that they had more than 250 rehabilitation centers world-wide and about 33 of these centers are located in the USA. Providing figures on the prevalence of torture, she said, there are 3 billion people in the countries, where torture is practiced at the government level. Commenting on the Pakistan situation, she said that according to the recent US State department, three forms of torture are currently common in Pakistan. These are “beatings”, “electric shock”, and “denying food and drink” to the victinms. He urged the people of Pakistan to provide help to heal the mental and physical abuses of these torture victims in their communities.

DR. SAGHIR SHAIKH from WSC condemned General Musharraf and his dictatorialregime and past rulers for their help in increasing the domination of Sindhis by other ethnic groups. He stated that economic conditions in Sindh, particularly, in rural areas, are fast going from bad to worse. He said official economic apartheid is largely responsible for the immense increase in poverty levels in Sindh and Balochistan. He cited a study done by the Asian Development Bank, that shows that poverty in Sindh and Baluchistan is around 54 %, which is almost twice as much as in Punjab and in North West Frontier provinces. He said people of Sindh are shocked that the 600-million GTC project will only bring benefit to 1.53 million acres of area but destroy the livelihood  of millions of the people in  Sindh. He added that callous nature of the government is quite evident as the General Musharraf inaugurated the project without consultation with the people and representatives of the Sindh province. In spite of the fact that three Provincial assemblies have passed unanimous resolutions in their Parliaments and the large demonstrations that are currently underway in the towns and villages of Sindh, the government of Pakistan is determined to carryout this project of economic apartheid. He appealed to the American government and media to conduct their own  investigations as there was no doubt in his mind that the Indus Water system can no longer sustain any new major project such as GTC without causing immense damage to Sindh and it’s people.

AZIZ NAREJO from SANA started his briefing that the people of Sindh and Pakistan have suffered a lot under various military regimes. He added that the present one is more torturous as it seems has the support of the American and other Western governments. He briefly went over the history of the military regimes in Pakistan and how “totalitarian” and “unitary” systems imposed by the military have destroyed the democratic and judicial institutions in  Pakistan. He was very critical of the Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence” (ISI) agency. He added that it does not answer to any civilian authority and has been instrumental in carrying out the plots to harm the interests of smaller provinces of Pakistan. The ISI agency engages in proxy wars. He added that some reports in the western media have concluded that the terrorist attack of 9/11 may have been a manifestation of such proxy wars. The agency has now positioned them in way that allows them to blackmail America and secure their support for dreadful conspiracies against smaller provinces.Touching on the subject of press restrictions in Pakistan. He cited many recent cases of brutality by the Pakistan government against the Pakistani press and media that have resulted in the firing, resignation and departure many leading journalists.

He added that according to Pakistan constitution, by overthrowing the democratically elected government, General Musharraf and other his crony generals have committed a crime of high treason. He continued that his regime has created divisions among the provinces and is unwittingly laying the foundation for the disintegration of Pakistan. “How can such a government be a friend of the people of Pakistan and the USA?” he asked. He concluded his presentation with a remark that people of Sindh and the rest of Pakistan do not want a big military force, they don’t want nuclear bombs, and they don’t want the military rule.

QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION: A 30-minute Q&A session followed the briefings by the four representatives. The questions by media and other attendees touched upon on many aspects of the issues faced by Sindhis and the root causes for such problems.

The following are some of the key points made at this session:

  1. The hegemony of military in Pakistan is the root cause of many of the problems faced by Pakistan in general and Sindhis in particular.
  2. A loose co-federation of the Pakistani provinces offers the best alternative for restoring peace, justice, and fairness in Pakistan.
  3. The three Sindhi organizations (SANA, WSC, and WSI) must expand their cooperation further and must continue to to joint sponsorship of other events after the great of success of today's event.
  4. Sindhis must not under-estimate the power of torture that would be leashed against them as they come out in streets to protest the economic apartheid policies.
  5. The US government holds a lot of clout and influence over the Pakistan government. The US Government must use this power to pursue the Pakistani government to end the economic apartheid and restore full democracy.
  6. The World Bank and IMF organizations should include conditions in their loan agreements that require the Pakistan government to shift resources from the wasteful military to the civilian sectors.
  7. Sindhis should approach private sector in USA and other developed countries to invest in Sindh.
  8. Re-organization of Pakistani military by reducing its size and making sure that it becomes a representative organization of all provinces. This is essential if Pakistan is become a progressive, secular, and respected country in the world.

B. Protest march and Vigil at the MCPherson square (Washington DC)
Scores of people carrying many placards marched around the square. Here is a sample of the demands and appeals that were written on the placards:


After several rounds of walks around the square, the demonstrators gathered around a stage where several speakers denounced the Greater Thal Canal and demanded that the Pakistan government should cancel this project immediately. The session was moderated by KHALID HASHMANI. The speakers urged the American government and the people of Pakistan and USA to press Musharraf to restore democracy, press freedom, and human rights. Here is a brief overview of the speakers and the main points made in their speeches:

SANI PANHWAR: The current President of Sindhi Association of North America (SANA) congratulated the participants on the success of today’s events. He was sure that the Pakistan and US governments will hear our message and hoped that something good will come out of it. He assured that the three Sindhi organizations (SANA, WSC, and WSI) would continue to work together and will not rest until the rights of Sindhis are restored. He said that Sindhis of Los Angles are organizing another protest and vigil on June 27th to drive the point once again that Greater Thal Canal is not acceptable to Sindhis.

REV. CLEVELAND SPARROW, who is a member of DC Mayor’s interfaith council, was happy to have met so many wonderful and peaceful Sindhis. He admired the values of Sindhis that encourage respect, tolerance, and justice for all. He said that the problems of Sindhis were in a way were the same as faced by the citizens of DC. They continue to pay taxes but have no representation in their central decision making institutions. He was confident that soon both the people of DC and Sindh would have a full say in all major decisions that affect their lives.

DR. WALTER LANDRY, who is a Director of “Think-Tank for National Self-determination” (TNS) spoke about the economic, human, political, and cultural rights of indigenous people in various parts of the world. He added the right of self-determination is an inalienable right of all people. He was saddened to know that the great people of Sindh who  have always welcome others and shared what ever they had with immigrant communities are now on the verge of loosing of their identity and their water rights. He hoped that sanity would prevail among the Pakistan government officials. He urged President Bush to ask General Musharraf to accept the demands of people of Sindh.

DODO MEHRI, who is a leader of the Sindh National Council (SNC) gave an eloquent speech in Sindhi language. A translator provided translation of his speech in real-time for the benefit of those who did not understand Sindhi. Mr. Mehri traced the history of the water issue between Sindh and Punjab that has originated from the days when the British ruled India. He cited a trail of broken promises and violations that Punjab had committed to misuse the canals that were previously built to only be used in the times of flood. He added that the central government spent millions of dollars that were provided to it in the form of  loans and grants by the World Bank and  IMF after Pakistan and India signed the Indus Water Treaty in 1960. He said that the root cause for building the Greater Thal Canal is that the military officialsare are being allotted more and more land in the non-cultivable areas. This gives incentive to the military government to conspire to divert more water to irrigate their lands at the expense of the poor people of Sindhi. The Sindhis are being pushed into unbearable poverty with each passing day.

EDWIN, is a delegate of Anbazonia in the USA. His organization is fighting for the right of self-determination in Cameroon for Anbazonia. He talked about the similarity between the issues faced by the people of Anbazonia and Sindh. He wished Sindhis well in their struggle to stop the Thal canal and to gain their dignity and their rights.

Last but not the least, MUNAWAR LAGHARI, who was the key organizer of the today’s events thanked every one who had made this day a historic day for  the North American Sindhis. He expressed gratitude to the leaders of SANA, WSC and other non-affiliated volunteers who participated and helped in various ways.

He promised that he would do his very best to nourish the spirit of the Sindhi unity that has been achieved on the North American scene. He hoped that following this example, Sindhis, all over the world would unite to overcome the economic, cultural, and political threats that are faced by Sindh and Sindhis today.

Sana/WSI/WSC joint rally Los Angeles California - June 27th 2003

Sindhi-Americans Protest against Thal Canal
Los Angeles California June 27, 2003: Sindhi Americans gathered in Los Angeles, CA this Friday to protest against the construction of Greater Thal Canal. Three major Sindhi organizations in North America “Sindhi Association of North America (SANA), World Sindhi Congress (WSC), and World Sindhi Institute” jointly held the rally. Sindh, a southeastern province of Pakistan, has long been the victim of Islamabad’s unfair policies on water distribution.

The province is threatened with an additional setback as the government decides to construct illegal canals and dams upstream. These projects benefit military generals and tribal landlords, strongest supporters of the government, as they own lands in the command areas. On the other hand these projects will result in the desertification of large tracts of cultivated land in the province of Sindh, affecting the lives of millions of people there.

Several Sindhis and other local activists from all over California traveled to protest in front of Beverly Hills Hilton hotel, where General Musharaf was invited to speak. The protestors called for an end to the construction of the Greater Thal Canal, restoration of Sindhi national rights, an end to the Defamation Ordinance and Blasphemy Law, and the restoration of press freedom. They also held placards demanding the end of military rule and restoration of true democracy in Pakistan.

Mr. Sani Panhwar, President of SANA, demanded that Pakistani Government ‘optimize water allocation at the national level,’ and ‘to compensate Sindh’ for the last many years’ water theft. He further described the planned construction of Greater Thal Canal as "a conspiracy against Sindh" and demanded immediate withdrawal of the plan. He also said
that the planned construction of Thal Canal was in contravention to the 1991 Water Accord as well as the constitution of the country. The plan should first be presented before the Council of Common Interest.

Dr. Saghir Shaikh, Chairman of WSC, asked for an international intervention: “Without the help of the international community and neutral international monitoring organizations, competition over water in Pakistan could eventually lead to a serious, possibly violent conflict.”

Earlier this week a similar protest rally was organized in Washington DC along with a press conference on the day when General Musharaf met President George Bush. The protests in DC and LA were organized to convey the message to the U.S. administration to pressurize Pakistan in order to safeguard basic human rights of the indigenous people of Sindh.

Rally in New York - September 6th 2000

North American Sindhis under the banner of Sindhi Association North America (SANA) and People-Against-Kalabagh-Dam Action Committee, demonstrated against the Pakistani government outside of the UN Millennium Summit in New York on Wednesday, September 6, 2000. The rally was led by the committee’s chairman and former SANA president Iqbal Tareen. The rally lasted between 11:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.

The members of the rally carried banners that called for equality and fairness for Sindhis and demanded autonomy and sovereignty of Pakistani provinces in accordance with the 1940 Pakistan Resolution, restoration of democracy and primary right of Sindh on waters of River Indus. The banners carried the following slogans: “Stop genocide of Sindhis”; “ Sindhis oppose large dams”; “Restore democracy now!”; “Musharraf’s devolution is a hoax”; “Honor Pakistan Resolution, Give autonomy now!”; “River Indus belongs to Sindh”; “Invest in people, not in weapons”; “Stop child abuse in Pakistan”; “Stop hate crimes in Pakistan now!”; “Release political prisoners”; “Sindhis are against Nukes” and many others.

They raised slogans against the Kalabagh dam and criticized construction of large dams on River Indus. They demanded that the dreadful large dams be banished forever from the books of Pakistani planners. They also demanded the abolition of WAPDA and delegation of power generation and distribution to the provinces. The Sindhi group included many local Sindhis and others who had traveled from upstate New York, Texas, Connecticut, California, Pennsylvania, and Washington DC to advance the cause of Sindh.

Iqbal Tareen emphasized that the nature of the protest was not against the existence of Pakistan but to attract world attention to the plight of Sindhis who were discriminated in political, cultural, economic spheres. He talked about the unfair treatment given to Sindhis and other minorities in the country. He raised the issue of Pakistan Resolution and the violations of this covenant. Many instances of individual and collective human rights violations were cited to the international media.

He said that Sindh was mother of Pakistan and how could it be against the existence of its own child. The international media was also told that Sindhis were not happy with their present status in Pakistan. As in the case of East Pakistan, the responsibility of any future harm done to the unity of the federation will fall solely on Pakistani military, bureaucracy and their allies and not on the people of Sindh and small provinces. The media was informed of the growing number of suicides among the Sindhi youth.

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